By Ranko Matasović
This grammar will be used with a few warning, not just since it used to be written through a linguist who's faraway from being a fluent speaker of Kabardian. it's principally compilatory in nature, and lots of examples have been drawn from the prevailing works on Kabardian via M. L. Abitov, Mukhadin Kumakhov, and others. besides the fact that, i've got additionally excerpted and analyzed many sentences from the literature, specifically from the Nart corpus (Nārtxar, 1951, Nārtxar, 2001), and a few examples have been elicited from local audio system. even though i've got relied seriously at the released scholarly works on Kabardian, my interpretations of the knowledge are often very diverse from these within the on hand literature. i've got attempted to procedure the Kabardian language from a typological standpoint, evaluating its linguistic positive aspects, which could look unusual to audio system of Indo-European languages, to comparable positive aspects present in different languages of the area.
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Additional resources for A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian)
Suf. e. of the intransitive subject or object, the lowest ranking macrorole). It appears to be possible to use it with other arguments as well in participial constructions (Kumaxov & Vamling 1998: 68-69). A different way of expressing the "indefinite person" is to use the second person subject prefix, which is interpreted as referring to indefinite prson. This is possible in proverbs and statements of general truth: тынщ yeплъын tən-ś w-ya-płə-n easy-af. -see-inf. "It is easy to see him", lit.
E. -professor-af. "I am a professor" Moreover, even adpositions can be turned into (stative) verbs by adding the affirmative suffix -ś: зayэ нэyжьщ zāwa nawəź-ś war after-af. "It was (the time) after the war" 52 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian APPLICATIVES Kabardian has two sets of applicative prefixes. Applicatives are usually defined as constructions in which the number of object arguments selected by the predicate is increased by one with respect to the basic construction. The object of the original construction is usually demoted to the status of the oblique argument, and the applied argument takes at least some of the properties of the object, cf.
This means that many Kabardian postpositions are quite like relational nouns in languages such as Tibetan. ), where the equivalent of the English preposition on is the Kabardian verbal prefix tay- (on local prefixes see below). -know-ger. -go-cond. part. -af. B "Why are you sad, asked Badinoko" Conjunctions are clitics, so they are mostly written as one word with the words they conjoin, e. g. or", hama "or". 33 Cp. Abitov 1957: 153. wəyəłh-ā-ś this-ERG what wonder said-and S. 3sg. -af. " (used while giving something away) 34 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian VERBS Cette singularité (ergatif) tient, en gros, à ce que, là où nous pensons "je vois le livre", les Caucasiens pensent quelque chose comme "à-moi le-livre (il-m')est-en-vue" (G.