By Alessandra Giorgi
This publication considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the previous day, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference aspect is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically via semantic ideas of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal place is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in line with information from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tough and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the houses of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the homes of loose oblique Discourse - and indicates that her framework can account elegantly for them all. conscientiously argued, succinct, and obviously written her e-book will attraction generally to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists attracted to the syntax-semantics interface.
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Extra resources for About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Giannii ha detto che proi/j partirà Gianni said that he will leave A null embedded subject of a subjunctive complement clause cannot be coreferent with the main subject, whereas there is no ban if the embedded clause is an indicative one. For an analysis of these facts, as well as of some relevant exceptions to this pattern, see Costantini (2005). 40 See also Scorretti (1994), Giorgi and Pianesi (1997, 2004b), and Poletto (1995, 2000, 2001). In German, the absence of the Complementizer might be claimed to be part of V2 phenomena.
Ha detto (lit: has said) instead of disse (said) and ha telefonato (lit: has called) instead of telefonò (called). In Italian, especially the central and northern varieties, the present perfect serves approximately the same function as the simple past in English. See also fn. 7 above. , verbs expressing an attitude of the subject towards a certain content—the past form usually chosen is the imperfect of the indicative: credeva (believed) and desiderava (wished). The present perfect (ha creduto, ha desiderato) and the simple past (credette, desiderò) convey the meaning that the psychological state, or attitude, of the subject doesn’t hold any more.
Let’s hypothesize that the event combines with the temporal location present in its clause, giving rise in this case to the event of being happy on 28 May. , that the temporal morphology is interpreted only once, a sentence such as (23) should be perfectly grammatical even in DAR languages: the state should simply be taken to extend from the utterance time to 28 May. But this does not ﬁt with the actual status of the sentence, which is bad. 30 The Speaker’s Projection Alternatively, let’s hypothesize that the embedded tense is evaluated twice.