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By Adams, John; Jefferson, Thomas; Jefferson, Thomas; Ferling, John E.; Adams, John

It was once a competition of titans: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, heroes of the innovative period, as soon as intimate acquaintances, now icy antagonists locked in a fierce conflict for the way forward for the U.S.. The election of 1800 was once a thunderous conflict of a crusade that climaxed in a impasse within the Electoral university and resulted in a trouble during which the younger republic teetered at the fringe of collapse.

Adams vs. Jefferson is the gripping account of a turning aspect in American historical past, a dramatic fight among events with profoundly diversified visions of the way the state may be ruled. The Federalists, led by way of Adams, have been conservatives who favorite a robust crucial executive. The Republicans, led by way of Jefferson, have been extra egalitarian and believed that the Federalists had betrayed the Revolution of 1776 and have been backsliding towards monarchy. The crusade itself used to be a barroom brawl every piece as ruthless as any sleek contest, with mud-slinging, scare strategies, and backstabbing. The low element got here while Alexander Hamilton revealed a devastating assault on Adams, the pinnacle of his personal social gathering, in "fifty-four pages of unremitting vilification." The stalemate within the Electoral university dragged on via dozens of ballots. Tensions ran so excessive that the Republicans threatened civil warfare if the Federalists denied Jefferson the presidency. eventually a mystery deal that modified a unmarried vote gave Jefferson the White residence. A devastated Adams left Washington sooner than sunrise on Inauguration Day, too embittered even to shake his rival's hand.

With magisterial command, Ferling brings to existence either the outsize personalities and the hotly contested political questions at stake. He exhibits not only why this second used to be a milestone in U.S. background, yet how strongly the issues--and the passions--of 1800 resonate with our personal time

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Pinckney devoted his energies initially to establishing his legal practice, although during his first year home he was elected to the colonial assembly. At first he played little role in the popular protest, and indeed in 1773 the Crown named him acting attorney general for the province. While he said little about imperial affairs, Pinckney played an active role as a colonial assemblyman, often pushing for reforms. His pet project was the establishment of a college for South Carolina, which was finally realized only in 1801, and he worked hard to improve Charleston’s library and to upgrade the colony’s militia system.

12 In every presidential election since 1800 the parties have designated one candidate for the presidency and another for the vice presidential post. However, in the presidential contests of 1796 and 1800 each party nominated two presidential candidates. ” The Founders settled on this method at the tail end of the lengthy Philadelphia Convention. They had not wanted Congress to select the chief executive, fearing that the president would become the puppet of the legislature. Nor had they desired popular elections, partly from a belief that few candidates would have the national reputation to ensure that a popular vote would be decisive, and partly because the southern delegates were convinced that after George Washington no southerner would ever again be likely to be elected to the presidency.

His coach was loaded and the carriage horses fed in the predawn stillness on that cold morning, while Jefferson dressed and ate breakfast. 11 In the first gray light of dawn, Jefferson’s carriage descended the hill, slowly bumping and swaying down the slope. He faced only an intrastate trek until he crossed the Potomac River into the District of Columbia, and it would be brief in contrast to the journey of the Adamses. His gig hurried through Charlottesville, heading almost due north past brown farms and undulating deer-colored forests.

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