28 Sep

Dona Nobis Pacem - SSA, Piano - Sheet Music

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For more, visit my General Ancient History, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, & Ancient Rome pages. They are pictorial details—here, the nail and the insects—that are supposedly on the surface of the painting, and thus outside of the represented scene and in the real space of the viewer. He remained with the Esterhazys for nearly thirty years, until 1790. Survey the causes of the religious, political, and intellectual unrest that affected Europe during the Baroque period and explore how this unrest is reflected in Baroque art.

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28 Sep

Organ Concerto in F major, HWV 292: Full Score [A3374]

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The csakan, in effect a keyed recorder, first appeared around 1807 in Budapest and was probably the invention of Anton Heberle. Background: When Martin Luther penned his 95 Theses in 1517, he set off a movement that would forever change the world: the Protestant Reformation. Well before Wolfgang Mozart the Habsburg Court promoted talented musicians, and staged dazzling musical events: from equestrian ballets involving 600 horses to pompous baroque operas and intimate lute concerts.

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28 Sep

Jesu, der du meine Seele, BWV 78: Full Score [A7394]

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Monteverdi's Orfeo and Pergolesi's La serva padrona show the development and similarities between early baroque and late baroque opera. Discuss the purposes of art in selected contemporary cultures. 1486 - Henry VII (Tudor) married Elizabeth of York uniting houses of York and Lancaster. 1487 - Battle of Stoke Field: In final engagement of the Wars of the Roses, Henry VII, defeats Yorkist army "led" by Lambert Simnel (who was impersonating Edward, the nephew of Edward IV, the only plausible royal alternative to Henry, who was confined in the Tower of London). 1496 - Henry VII joins the Holy League; commercial treaty between England and Netherlands. 1502 - Margaret, daughter of Henry VII, marries James IV of Scotland. 1509 - Henry VIII, becomes king. 1513 - Battle of Flodden Field (fought at Flodden Edge, Northumberland) in which invading Scots are defeated by the English under their commander, 70 year old Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey; James IV of Scotland is killed. 1517 - The Protestant Reformation begins; Martin Luther nails his "95 Theses" against the Catholic practice of selling indulgences, on the church door at Wittenberg 1520 - Field of Cloth of Gold: Francois I of France meets Henry VIII but fails to gain his support against Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V 1529 - Henry VIII dismisses Lord Chancellor Thomas Wolsey for failing to obtain the Pope's consent to his divorce from Catherine of Aragon; Sir Thomas More appointed Lord Chancellor; Henry VIII summons the "Reformation Parliament" and begins to cut the ties with the Church of Rome 1533 - Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII; Thomas Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury 1534 - Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII declared supreme head of the Church of England 1536 - Anne Boleyn is beheaded; Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour; dissolution of monasteries in England begins under the direction of Thomas Cromwell, completed in 1539. 1537 - Jane Seymour dies after the birth of a son, the future Edward VI 1539 - Dissolution of Glastonbury Abbey; buildings torched and looted by king's men; Abbot Richard Whiting is executed by hanging atop Glastonbury Tor. 1540 - Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves following negotiations by Thomas Cromwell; Henry divorces Anne of Cleves and marries Catherine Howard; Thomas Cromwell executed on charge of treason 1543 - Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr; alliance between Henry and Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) against Scotland and France 1547 - Edward VI, King of England: Duke of Somerset acts as Protector 1550 - Fall of Duke of Somerset:; Duke of Northumberland succeeds as Protector 1553 - On death of Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey proclaimed queen of England by Duke of Northumberland, her reign lasts nine days; Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England (to 1558); Restoration of Roman Catholic bishops in England 1555 - England returns to Roman Catholicism: Protestants are persecuted and about 300, including Cranmer, are burned at the stake 1558 - England loses Calais, last English possession in France; Death of Mary I; Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, becomes Queen; Repeal of Catholic legislation in England 1560 - Treaty of Berwick between Elizabeth I and Scottish reformers; Treaty of Edinburgh among England, France, and Scotland 1563 - The Thirty-nine Articles, which complete establishment of the Anglican Church 1567 - Murder of Lord Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of Scots, probably by Earl of Bothwell; Mary Queen of Scots marries Bothwell, is imprisoned, and forced to abdicate; James VI, King of Scotland 1577 - Alliance between England and Netherlands; Francis Drake sails around the world (to 1580) 1584 - William of Orange is murdered and England sends aid to the Netherlands; 1586 Expedition of Sir Francis Drake to the West Indies; Conspiracy against Elizabeth I involving Mary Queen of Scots 1587 - Execution of Mary Queen of Scots; England at war with Spain; Drake destroys Spanish fleet at Cadiz 1588 - The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir John Hawkins: war between Spain and England continues until 1603 1597 - Irish rebellion under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone (finally put down 1601) 1601 - Elizabethan Poor Law charges the parishes with providing for the needy; Essex attempts rebellion, and is executed 1604 - Hampton Court Conference: no relaxation by the Church towards Puritans; James bans Jesuits; England and Spain make peace 1605 - Gunpowder Plot; Guy Fawkes and other Roman Catholic conspirators fail in attempt to blow up Parliament and James I. 1607 - Parliament rejects proposals for union between England and Scotland; colony of Virginia is founded at Jamestown by John Smith; Henry Hudson begins voyage to eastern Greenland and Hudson River 1611 - James I's authorized version (King James Version) of the Bible is completed; English and Scottish Protestant colonists settle in Ulster 1618 - Thirty Years' War begins, lasts until 1648 1620 - Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in the "Mayflower"; found New Plymouth 1624 - Alliance between James I and France; Parliament votes for war against Spain; Virginia becomes crown colony 1625 - Charles I, King of England (to 1649); Charles I marries Henrietta Maria, sister of Louis XIII of France; dissolves Parliament which fails to vote him money 1639 - First Bishops' War between Charles I and the Scottish Church; ends with Pacification of Dunse 1640 - Charles I summons the "Short " Parliament; dissolved for refusal to grant money; Second Bishops' War; ends with Treaty of Ripon; The Long Parliament begins. 1641 - Triennial Act requires Parliament to be summoned every three years; Star Chamber and High Commission abolished by Parliament; Catholics in Ireland revolt; some 30,000 Protestants massacred; Grand Remonstrance of Parliament to Charles I 1642 - Charles I fails in attempt to arrest five members of Parliament and rejects Parliament's Nineteen Propositions; Civil War (until 1645) begins with battle of Edgehill between Cavaliers (Royalists) and Roundheads (Parliamentarians) 1644 - Battle of Marston Moor; Oliver Cromwell defeats Prince Rupert 1645 - Formation of Cromwell's New Model Army; Battle of Naseby; Charles I defeated by Parliamentary forces 1647 - Scots surrender Charles I to Parliament; he escapes to the Isle of Wright; makes secret treaty with Scots. 1648 - Scots invade England and are defeated by Cromwell at battle of Preston Pride's Purge: Presbyterians expelled from Parliament (known as the Rump Parliament); Treaty of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War 1649 - Charles I is tried and executed; The Commonwealth, in which; England is governed as a republic, is established and lasts until 1660; Cromwell harshly suppresses Catholic rebellions in Ireland 1650 - Charles II lands in Scotland; is proclaimed king. 1651 - Charles II invades England and is defeated at Battle of Worcester; Charles escapes to France; First Navigation Act, England gains virtual monopoly of foreign trade 1655 - England divided into 12 military districts by Cromwell; seizes Jamaica from Spain 1658 - Oliver Cromwell dies; succeeded as Lord Protector by son Richard; Battle of the Dunes, England and France defeat Spain; England gains Dunkirk 1659 - Richard Cromwell forced to resign by the army; "Rump" Parliament restored 1661 - Clarendon Code; "Cavalier" Parliament of Charles II passes series of repressive laws against Nonconformists; English acquire Bombay 1664 - England siezes New Amsterdam from the Dutch, change name to New York 1667 - Dutch fleet defeats the English in Medway river; treaties of Breda among Netherlands, England, France, and Denmark 1668 - Triple Alliance of England, Netherlands, and Sweden against France 1670 - Secret Treaty of Dover between Charles II of England and Louis XIV of France to restore Roman Catholicism to England; Hudson's Bay Company founded 1678 - 'Popish Plot' in England; Titus Oates falsely alleges a Catholic plot to murder Charles II 1679 - Act of Habeas Corpus passed, forbidding imprisonment without trial; Parliament's Bill of Exclusion against the Roman Catholic Duke of York blocked by Charles II; Parliament dismissed; Charles II rejects petitions calling for a new Parliament; petitioners become known as Whigs; their opponents (royalists) known as Tories 1681 - Whigs reintroduce Exclusion Bill; Charles II dissolves Parliament 1685 - James II of England and VII of Scotland (to 1688); rebellion by Charles II's illegitimate son, the Duke of Monmouth, against James II is put down 1686 - James II disregards Test Act; Roman Catholics appointed to public office 1687 - James II issues Declaration of Liberty of Conscience, extends toleration to all religions 1688 - England's 'Glorious Revolution'; William III of Orange is invited to save England from Roman Catholicism, lands in England, James II flees to France 1689 - Convention Parliament issues Bill of Rights; establishes a constitutional monarchy in Britain; bars Roman Catholics from the throne; William III and Mary II become joint monarchs of England and Scotland (to1694), Toleration Act grants freedom of worship to dissenters in England; Grand Alliance of the League of Augsburg, England, and the Netherlands.

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28 Sep

Tue Rechnung! Donnerwort, BWV 168: Vocal Score (German) (Qty

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One artist who stayed behind, Charles Wilson Peale, compiled portraits of "Revolutionary Patriots and Other Distinguished Characters" for his Philadelphia Museum, which still stands today as one of the greatest contributions to Portrait History in the world. The woman on the right’s bodice is adorned with ribbon bows down the front and has large cuffed sleeves. Reaching over 4,000 students of all ages annually, the program has enriched the Bay Area’s cultural community through free public masterclasses, symposia, school residencies, community chamber music workshops, full Orchestra concerts for students and teachers, numerous lecture series for adults, and family concerts.

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27 Sep

Samson, HWV 57 (Let the bright seraphim): Full Score (Qty 2)

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Secondly, the ideal of Romantic love, an all-consuming passion for spiritual union with one’s soul mate, which influenced the art of human portrayal subtly, but surely. Orfeo includes recitatives, arias, duets, choruses, and instrumental interludes. Although the term baroque is most often applied to the visual arts, on which this article will concentrate, and it is most closely associated with Italian art of the 17th century, little agreement exists among scholars about the term’s value and significance.

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27 Sep

Come, Thou, O Come Sheet Music

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Franz Anton Bustelli created "Pair of Lovers" as well as several others (such as "Tempestuous Lovers" around 1760). Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire, setting poems of Albert Giraud, dates from before his twelve-tone period. PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Was elected Professor of question of extending slavery. Yet this design seems almost tame when compared with the busy exuberance of the Vatican. Because he lacked some of the requirements of nobility, he gained entrance with great difficulty; ultimately, it required a papal dispensation.

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27 Sep

Agrippina, HWV 6 (Overture): Full Score (Qty 2) [A1535]

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Also in Europe, there was a high rise of nationalism. Orfeo makes use of a variety of voice types. These guides together with full length CD of excerpts from recognised performances of baroque music contain chapters on historical background, notation and interpretation and specialist advice to instrumental players and singers. This mannerist period is the direct antecedent of the Baroque style in art. Many times a composer would add a Prelude before all the dances.

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27 Sep

Bach Again for Guitar: Guitar Solo (Guitar Book)

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Imitation between various lines, or voices, of the texture is very common. Quietly pass out a prize to those who guess correctly. The possible range of pieces is from dance or dance-like pieces, to excerpts from ballets and operas, excerpts from motion picture scores, incidental music for plays, and freely assembled movements of relatively short, light character. [i] But it was during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, the so-called Baroque period in music, that “the suite became established in its most definitive form and universal acceptance…” [ii] This variant of the suite is comprised primarily of dance movements and is commonly known as the Baroque suite—or, sometimes, “the classical suite in the French Style.” [iii] The Baroque suite is one of “the two chief multi-movement forms of the history of instrumental music,” and the major one prior to 1750. [iv] Furthermore, it possessed melodic and harmonic features which foreshadow the sonata form of the Classical period, which replaced it after 1750 as the major multi-movement instrumental music form. [v] During the latter Baroque period, the suite was “the vehicle for a large share of the instrumental music of the time…” [vi] The development of the Baroque suite is a very important milestone in the history of modern instrumental music in that, apparently for the first time, a larger secular instrumental work had been produced by grouping together shorter pieces of contrasting but related nature.

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27 Sep

Also hat Gott die Welt geliebt, BWV 68: Full Score [A1145]

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Second, Bailey’s documentary transcriptions in the appendices are certain to be mined by future scholars.. .. When the Infanta wedded the heir to the Spanish throne in 1729, Scarlatti was taken to Madrid where he spent the rest of his life. Although the Catholic Church did much to suppress knowledge that contradicted religious teachings, Italians were still able to make major scientific contributions. Among the first great still-life painters working in France, Stoskopff’s virtuosity lies in his ability to render the texture and surface luster of shells, glass, and metal objects with meticulous detail and finish.

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27 Sep

Sixty-Nine Chorales with Figured Bass (Kalmus Edition)

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The Classical musicians strictly followed certain rules and regulations while composing music. Baroque is a roguelike style role playing game release for the Sega Saturn, Playstation 2, and Nintendo Wii video game systems. Although the Baroque period was perhaps not as extravagant in the amount of decoration used as during the Renaissance, it was just as lavish in its display of wealth. A formal ball would open with a branle, where couples joined the linked line in an exact social hierarchy that would establish the dancing order for the evening.

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